Welcome to Gracie Jiu Jitsu! In addition to the excellent training program in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, this school also offers family style Judo on Tuesday and Thursday at 7:15-8:15 pm.
Judo (meaning “gentle way”) is a modern martial art and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori).
The philosophy and training format developed for judo became the model for other modern Japanese martial arts that developed from traditional Japanese schools at that time. Although many other Asian martial arts involve common etiquette and martial arts philosophy in their classes, Judo often takes this a step further by incorporating certain rituals, language and cultural practices that were common in 1880’s Japan. The worldwide spread of judo has led to the development of a number of offshoots such as Sambo and Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
There are three basic categories of waza (techniques) in judo: nage-waza (throwing techniques), katame-waza (grappling techniques) and atemi-waza (striking techniques). Judo is most known for its throwing and grappling techniques.
Judo practitioners typically devote a portion of each practice session to ukemi (break-falls), in order that the throwing techniques can be practiced without significant risk of injury. Several distinct types of ukemi exist, including rear breakfalls, side breakfalls, front breakfalls, and rolling breakfalls.
The person who performs a Waza or technique is known as tori (literally “taker”) and the person to whom it is performed is known as uke (literally “receiver”).
Throwing techniques include all those in which tori attempts to throw or trip uke, usually with the aim of placing uke on his back. Each technique has three distinct stages:
- Kuzushi, the initial balance break;
- Tsukuri, the act of turning in and fitting into the throw;
- Kake, the execution and completion of the throw.
Throwing techniques are typically drilled by the use of uchi komi, repeated turning-in, taking the throw up to the point of kake.
Traditionally, throwing techniques are further categorized into tachi-waza ( standing techniques), throws that are performed with tori maintaining an upright position, and sutemi-waza (sacrifice techniques), throws in which tori sacrifices his upright position in order to throw uke.
Tachi-waza, or standing techniques are further subdivided into te-waza (hand techniques), in which tori predominantly uses his arms to throw uke; koshi-waza (hip techniques) throws that predominantly use a lifting motion from the hips; and ashi-waza (foot and leg techniques), throws in which tori predominantly utilizes his legs.
Tachi-waza standing techniques
Te-waza hand techniques
Katame-waza (grappling techniques)
Katame-waza is further categorized into osaekomi-waza (holding techniques), in which tori traps and pins uke on his back on the floor; shime-waza (strangulation techniques), in which tori attempts to force a submission by choking or strangling uke; and kansetsu-waza (joint techniques), in which tori attempts to submit uke by painful manipulation of his joints.
A related concept is that of ne-waza (prone techniques), in which waza are applied from a non-standing position.
In competitive judo, joint techniques are currently limited to elbow joint manipulation. However, manipulation and locking of other joints can be found in various judo kata, such as Katame-no-kata and Kodokan goshin jutsu.